Bithnah is a village in the emirate of Fujairah that occupies a strategic location in the Wadi Ham, the only natural link through the Hajar Mountains on the ancient trade route from the East Coast to the interior of the UAE and the Persian Gulf. The fort is thought to date to the late 18th or early 19th century, and was built to guard the road through the Wadi Ham against Wahhabi incursions following the battle of Bithnah. The construction utilised traditional materials including stone, mud-brick, adobe and palm-wood planking. The fort was occupied as private residence until the early 21st century, and became significantly dilapidated, including the partial collapse of the south exterior wall. It has now undergone significant restoration work in order to open it to the public.