Amasya, in northern Turkey is the capital of Amasya Province. The city was originally founded by Hittites, and later populated by diverse groups including the Phrygians, Lydians, and Persians. The city rose to power in the 4th century BCE when, after Alexander’s conquests, an independent Pontic Kingdom was founded with Amaseia as its capital. Though outwardly Hellenized, the city retained its Persian feudal structure. In 183 BCE, the city was settled by Hellenistic people and became the capital of the kings of Pontus (333-26 BCE). The city fell under roman rule in the 1st century BCE. During the 1st century, Amasya thrived. Writers, poets, and thinkers, including the historian Strabo, lived and worked in the city. After the Roman era, Amasya was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire and became a centre for education and the training of future leaders.
Due to its relative wealth from the Hellenistic period onward, the city boasts many grand buildings from various eras. Most notable are the citadel and the tombs of the Pontic Kings and the Harsene Kalesi, a fortification described by Strabo. The city also has a host of beautifully preserved traditional Turkish mansions.