Qanawat, or ancient Canatha/Kanatha, is located in Southern Syria in the district of Suwayda. Textual evidence for the site’s occupation goes back millennia, as it is referenced in the old testament as Kenath and is potentially featured in the Execration Texts from the 19th century BCE. It is also mentioned in the famous Amarna letters of the 14th century BCE.
The city remained occupied through Hellenistic and Roman periods, when it became a part of the Decapolis federation semi-autonomous Roman cities.
The city’s remains are extensive and include a Roman bridge, theatre, nymphaeum and multiple temples. The Es-Serai, or palace, monument from the 2nd century CE was originally a temple but was converted to a basilica in the 5th century CE.