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Deir Samaan is the town connected to Qalaat Samaan (the Church of Saint Simeon). As pilgrimage at the church site rose, the village provided services and accommodation to travellers. The town was logistically well located between Apamea and Cyrrhus. It is also said to be the home of St. Simeon, who travelled to the monastery there from Adana, Turkey.

Archaeologically, the site is quite impressive. Covering 2/3km squared, it contains a largely intact inn as well as an attached chapel and burial chambers. The size of the inn, measuring 70m in length, shows the large scale of pilgrimage to the area. A second inn lies further into the town, and has been dated to 479 CE by an inscription in the wall. This is significant because it is within 20 yeas of St. Simeon’s death, meaning that pilgrimage grew quite quickly to the region.

Most impressive at Deir Samaan is the monastery to the northwest which is still incredibly well preserved. The complex contains a mixture of buildings grouped around a 5th century church.

The beginning of the path to Qalaat Samaan, or the Church of St. Simeon is marked by a monumental arch.

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