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Tripoli is the capital and largest city of Libya with a population of about 1.1 million. It is located in the northwestern part of the country and is bordered by desert on one side and the Mediterranean on the other. Tripoli was founded by the Phoenicians in the 7th century BC and control of the city has passed through many hands over the years.

Due to the city’s long and complex history, there are a large number of significant archaeological sites in Tripoli, particularly in the he city’s old town, the medina. hree gates provide access to the medina: Bab Zanata in the west, Bab Hawara in the southeast and Bab Al-Bahr in the north. The city walls are still standing and can be climbed for good views of the city. Just inside the walls is the Red Castle (Assaraya al-Hamra), a vast palace complex with numerous courtyards. Within the castle are some well-preserved classical statues and fountains from the Ottoman period. However, the highlight of the medina is the Gurgi Mosque which lies at the center of the old city. It was commissioned by Mustafa Gurgi and built in 1834. Adjacent to the Gurgi Mosque is Tripoli‚Äôs best preserved classical feauture, a Roman Arch dedicate to Marcus Aurelius.

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