Germa, known in ancient times as Garama, is an archaeological site in Libya and was the capital city of the Garamantes. The Garamantes were a Berber people living in the Fezzan in the Sahara Desert. Their power peaked during the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD whilst they were regularly in conflict with the Roman Empire in the north, then in 19 BC they were brought under Roman control by the Proconsul of Africa Lucius Cornelius Balbus. Garama had a population of around four thousand, with another six thousand living in surrounding villages. The Garamantes were fierce and warlike Berber people, who skilfully employed the horse and the chariot, as demonstrated by the various cave paintings and drawings in the region. The city of Germa features a number of towers and a square market, used as a transit point for caravans and horses the Garamantes then exported to Rome, and a large gathering of ancient tombs. Recent satellite research revealed more than one hundred fortified farms and villages with castle-like structures and several towns still buried beneath the desert’s sand.