Petra is a UNESCO World Heritage site. The archaeological record at Petra is very deep, beginning with Neolithic settlement at Beidha and extending through the Iron Age, Chalcolithic and Graeco-Roman.
At its height, Petra was a Nabataean capital city (see Urfa for more from the Nabataean Kingdom). It is located between the Red Sea and the Dead Sea and was an important intersection between the Middle East and Egypt and served as a major caravan center during Hellenistic and Roman times. The buildings themselves are partially built structures and partially carved out of rock. The site represents a synthesis of Middle Eastern and Hellenistic styles. The extensive and elaborate architecture of Petra includes highly decorative tombs and temples as well as important quotidian features such as tunnels, canals and mines. Though the monuments are subject to wind and rain erosion, most of the site is largely intact.