Jenin is located on an ancient trade route from Nablus to Haifa, and appears in the ancient Amarna letters of the 14th century BCE as Gina. It continued to be known as Gina through the Roman period. 8th century BCE Phoenician pottery has been found at Ain Jenin, attesting to the communication and exchange with Phoenicians from an early date.
Sites near Jenin include the village of Burqin, which has evidence for settlement from the early Bronze Age. Tell Taannek is located at the northern end of the Nablus ridge. Occupying 14km, the Tell sits in a strategic location between mountains and plains on the trade route from Nablus to Haifa.
Tell Dothan, 8km to the north shows evidence of occupation from the Chacolithic period, and was a major fortified city by the early Bronze Age (ca. 3000 BCE). Much of Tell Dothan has been uncovered, including a tomb containing over 100 skeletons. The site shows no evidence for Hellenistic or Roman settlement.