Hatra_AboveView_3D
Hatra_AboveView_3D
Hatra_AboveView_3D
Hatra_Collonade_3D
Hatra_Collonade_3D
Hatra_Collonade_3D
Hatra_Arch&Entrance_3D
Hatra_Arch&Entrance_3D
Hatra_Arch&Entrance_3D
Hatra_ArchAngle_3D
Hatra_ArchAngle_3D
Hatra_ArchAngle_3D
Hatra_ArchCorner_3D
Hatra_ArchCorner_3D
Hatra_ArchCorner_3D
Hatra_ArchDetail_2_3D
Hatra_ArchDetail_2_3D
Hatra_ArchDetail_2_3D
Hatra_ArchDetail_2D
Hatra_ArchDetail_2D
Hatra_ArchDetail_2D
Hatra_ArchDetail_3_3D
Hatra_ArchDetail_3_3D
Hatra_ArchDetail_3_3D
Hatra_ArchDetail_3D
Hatra_ArchDetail_3D
Hatra_ArchDetail_3D
Hatra_ArchDetail_4_2D
Hatra_ArchDetail_4_2D
Hatra_ArchDetail_4_2D
Hatra_ArchDetail_4_3D
Hatra_ArchDetail_4_3D
Hatra_ArchDetail_4_3D
Hatra_Arches_2_3D
Hatra_Arches_2_3D
Hatra_Arches_2_3D
Hatra_Arches_3_3D
Hatra_Arches_3_3D
Hatra_Arches_3_3D
Hatra_Arches_3D
Hatra_Arches_3D
Hatra_Arches_3D
Hatra_archway-with-head-sculptures-2002_3d
Hatra_archway-with-head-sculptures-2002_3d
Hatra_archway-with-head-sculptures-2002_3d
Hatra_BuildingFront_3D
Hatra_BuildingFront_3D
Hatra_BuildingFront_3D
Hatra_camels_3d
Hatra_camels_3d
Hatra_camels_3d
Hatra_CharacterDetails_2_3D
Hatra_CharacterDetails_2_3D
Hatra_CharacterDetails_2_3D
Hatra_CityFront_3D
Hatra_CityFront_3D
Hatra_CityFront_3D
Hatra_CityFrontAngle_3D
Hatra_CityFrontAngle_3D
Hatra_CityFrontAngle_3D
Hatra_Collonade_2_3D
Hatra_Collonade_2_3D
Hatra_Collonade_2_3D
765-158
765-158
765-158
765-173
765-173
765-173
Hatra_ColumnBaseDetail_2_3D
Hatra_ColumnBaseDetail_2_3D
Hatra_ColumnBaseDetail_2_3D
Hatra_ColumnDetail_2_3D
Hatra_ColumnDetail_2_3D
Hatra_ColumnDetail_2_3D
765-167
765-167
765-167
Hatra_ColumnDetail_3D
Hatra_ColumnDetail_3D
Hatra_ColumnDetail_3D
Hatra_Columns&Entrance_3D
Hatra_Columns&Entrance_3D
Hatra_Columns&Entrance_3D
Hatra_Courtroom-of-the-Palace_3d
Hatra_Courtroom-of-the-Palace_3d
Hatra_Courtroom-of-the-Palace_3d
Hatra_DecorativeDetails_3D
Hatra_DecorativeDetails_3D
Hatra_DecorativeDetails_3D
Hatra_Depictions-of-Sanatruq-and-His-Son-Abadsamia_3d
Hatra_Depictions-of-Sanatruq-and-His-Son-Abadsamia_3d
Hatra_Depictions-of-Sanatruq-and-His-Son-Abadsamia_3d
Hatra_detail-from-cornice_3d
Hatra_detail-from-cornice_3d
Hatra_detail-from-cornice_3d
Hatra_detail-from-doorway-2006_3d
Hatra_detail-from-doorway-2006_3d
Hatra_detail-from-doorway-2006_3d
Hatra_detail-of-a-head-2002_3d
Hatra_detail-of-a-head-2002_3d
Hatra_detail-of-a-head-2002_3d
Hatra_ArchCharacterDetail_3D
Hatra_ArchCharacterDetail_3D
Hatra_ArchCharacterDetail_3D
Hatra_detail-of-face-and-serpent_3d
Hatra_detail-of-face-and-serpent_3d
Hatra_detail-of-face-and-serpent_3d
Ruins at Hatra, Iraq
Ruins at Hatra, Iraq
Ruins at Hatra, Iraq
Hatra_detail-of-nursing-camel_3d
Hatra_detail-of-nursing-camel_3d
Hatra_detail-of-nursing-camel_3d
Hatra_details-of-heads_3d
Hatra_details-of-heads_3d
Hatra_details-of-heads_3d
Hatra_Details-of-pillars_3d
Hatra_Details-of-pillars_3d
Hatra_Details-of-pillars_3d
765-159
765-159
765-159
Hatra_Doorway_3d
Hatra_Doorway_3d
Hatra_Doorway_3d
Hatra_doorway-2006_3d
Hatra_doorway-2006_3d
Hatra_doorway-2006_3d
765-163
765-163
765-163
Hatra_Entrance_2D
Hatra_Entrance_2D
Hatra_Entrance_2D
Hatra_EntranceInterior_3D
Hatra_EntranceInterior_3D
Hatra_EntranceInterior_3D
Hatra_Entrances_3D
Hatra_Entrances_3D
Hatra_Entrances_3D
Hatra_FallenColumns_3D
Hatra_FallenColumns_3D
Hatra_FallenColumns_3D
Hatra_four-pillars-and-enclosed-space_3d
Hatra_four-pillars-and-enclosed-space_3d
Hatra_four-pillars-and-enclosed-space_3d
Hatra_head-with-musical-instrument_3d
Hatra_head-with-musical-instrument_3d
Hatra_head-with-musical-instrument_3d
765-166
765-166
765-166
Hatra_Interior_2_3D
Hatra_Interior_2_3D
Hatra_Interior_2_3D
Hatra_Interior_3D
Hatra_Interior_3D
Hatra_Interior_3D
Hatra_Panorama_2D
Hatra_Panorama_2D
Hatra_Panorama_2D
765-172
765-172
765-172
Hatra_Statue_3D
Hatra_Statue_3D
Hatra_Statue_3D
765-169
765-169
765-169
Hatra_Statue-of-Goddess-Shamiya-or-Shahiro_3d
Hatra_Statue-of-Goddess-Shamiya-or-Shahiro_3d
Hatra_Statue-of-Goddess-Shamiya-or-Shahiro_3d
Hatra_statue-of-Lady-of-Hatra_3d
Hatra_statue-of-Lady-of-Hatra_3d
Hatra_statue-of-Lady-of-Hatra_3d
Hatra_statues-in-temple-complex_3d
Hatra_statues-in-temple-complex_3d
Hatra_statues-in-temple-complex_3d
765-164
765-164
765-164
Hatra_Stone-ruins_3d
Hatra_Stone-ruins_3d
Hatra_Stone-ruins_3d
Hatra_Temple_2D
Hatra_Temple_2D
Hatra_Temple_2D
Hatra_TempleFront_2_2D
Hatra_TempleFront_2_2D
Hatra_TempleFront_2_2D
765-157
765-157
765-157
Hatra_TempleFront_2D
Hatra_TempleFront_2D
Hatra_TempleFront_2D
Hatra_TempleFrontTop_2D
Hatra_TempleFrontTop_2D
Hatra_TempleFrontTop_2D
Hatra_view-from-below-of-carved-face_3d
Hatra_view-from-below-of-carved-face_3d
Hatra_view-from-below-of-carved-face_3d
Hatra_WallDecorationsDetail_3D
Hatra_WallDecorationsDetail_3D
Hatra_WallDecorationsDetail_3D
765-170
765-170
765-170

 

Located 290 kilometers northwest of Baghdad, Hatra was first built by the Selucid Empire c. 3rd–2nd century BC.  It was the capital of Araba, a state under the influence of the Parthian Empire.  The city flourished in the 1st–2nd centuries BC due to its location on a number of trade routes.  Hatra is the best-preserved example of a Parthian city.  Two tall walls made of stone encircle it.  One hundred and sixty watchtowers support the 6.4-kilometer circumference.  These fortifications enabled the city to withstand attacks in the 2nd century AD from the Roman Empire under Trajan and Septimius Severus.  It was destroyed and abandoned in 241 AD after a successful attack by the Sassanid Empire.  During the 20th century, German archaeologists excavated the site, discovering 3 acres of temples, most surrounded by a temple enclosure at the centre of the city.  Among these sacred buildings is the Great Temple, a structure that once measured 30 metres in height with soaring columns and vaults.

In the 1990s, during a government restoration of the city, looters removed many important artifacts and in 2015, iconoclasts extensively damaged parts of the ruins using explosives and bulldozers.

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