Susa_Shush Catle 3_3D
Susa_Shush Catle 3_3D
Susa_Shush Catle 3_3D
Susa_Deconstruction_3D
Susa_Deconstruction_3D
Susa_Deconstruction_3D
Susa_ Glazed Relief Achaemenid Archer_3D
Susa_ Glazed Relief Achaemenid Archer_3D
Susa_ Glazed Relief Achaemenid Archer_3D
Susa_Achaemenid Archers_3D
Susa_Achaemenid Archers_3D
Susa_Achaemenid Archers_3D
Susa_Apadana Floral Decoration 2_3D
Susa_Apadana Floral Decoration 2_3D
Susa_Apadana Floral Decoration 2_3D
Susa_Apadana Floral Decoration_3D
Susa_Apadana Floral Decoration_3D
Susa_Apadana Floral Decoration_3D
Susa_Apadana Palace_3D
Susa_Apadana Palace_3D
Susa_Apadana Palace_3D
susa_apadana_ruins1_2D
susa_apadana_ruins1_2D
susa_apadana_ruins1_2D
susa_apadana_ruins3
susa_apadana_ruins3
susa_apadana_ruins3
Susa_Ariel 2_3D
Susa_Ariel 2_3D
Susa_Ariel 2_3D
Susa_Ariel_3D
Susa_Ariel_3D
Susa_Ariel_3D
susa_bricks
susa_bricks
susa_bricks
Susa_ChoghazanbilPalace 2_3D
Susa_ChoghazanbilPalace 2_3D
Susa_ChoghazanbilPalace 2_3D
Susa_ChoghazanbilPalace_2D
Susa_ChoghazanbilPalace_2D
Susa_ChoghazanbilPalace_2D
Susa_City_3D
Susa_City_3D
Susa_City_3D
Susa_Column Bull from Darius I Palace_3D
Susa_Column Bull from Darius I Palace_3D
Susa_Column Bull from Darius I Palace_3D
Susa_Column Captital from Darius I Palace_2D
Susa_Column Captital from Darius I Palace_2D
Susa_Column Captital from Darius I Palace_2D
Susa_Column Detail_3D
Susa_Column Detail_3D
Susa_Column Detail_3D
Susa_Cuniform Bricks 2_3D
Susa_Cuniform Bricks 2_3D
Susa_Cuniform Bricks 2_3D
Susa_Cuniform Bricks_3D
Susa_Cuniform Bricks_3D
Susa_Cuniform Bricks_3D
Susa_Cuniform_3D
Susa_Cuniform_3D
Susa_Cuniform_3D
Susa_Daniels Tomb 2_3D
Susa_Daniels Tomb 2_3D
Susa_Daniels Tomb 2_3D
Susa_Daniels Tomb 3_3D
Susa_Daniels Tomb 3_3D
Susa_Daniels Tomb 3_3D
Susa_Daniels Tomb 4_3D
Susa_Daniels Tomb 4_3D
Susa_Daniels Tomb 4_3D
Susa_Daniels Tomb Cone 2_3D
Susa_Daniels Tomb Cone 2_3D
Susa_Daniels Tomb Cone 2_3D
Susa_Daniels Tomb Cone_2D
Susa_Daniels Tomb Cone_2D
Susa_Daniels Tomb Cone_2D
Susa_Daniels Tomb Inside_3D
Susa_Daniels Tomb Inside_3D
Susa_Daniels Tomb Inside_3D
Susa_Daniels Tomb_3D
Susa_Daniels Tomb_3D
Susa_Daniels Tomb_3D
Susa_Floral Decoration_3D
Susa_Floral Decoration_3D
Susa_Floral Decoration_3D
Susa_Foundations 2_2D
Susa_Foundations 2_2D
Susa_Foundations 2_2D
Susa_Foundations_3D
Susa_Foundations_3D
Susa_Foundations_3D
Susa_Glazed Horse_3D
Susa_Glazed Horse_3D
Susa_Glazed Horse_3D
Susa_Glazed Manticore_3D
Susa_Glazed Manticore_3D
Susa_Glazed Manticore_3D
Susa_Glazed Relief Ornaments_3D
Susa_Glazed Relief Ornaments_3D
Susa_Glazed Relief Ornaments_3D
Susa_Glazed_relief_3D
Susa_Glazed_relief_3D
Susa_Glazed_relief_3D
Susa_Hillside_3D
Susa_Hillside_3D
Susa_Hillside_3D
Susa_Immortals Archers_3D
Susa_Immortals Archers_3D
Susa_Immortals Archers_3D
Susa_Panorama_3D
Susa_Panorama_3D
Susa_Panorama_3D
Susa_Ruins_3D
Susa_Ruins_3D
Susa_Ruins_3D
Susa_Sheikh Lotf Allah Mosque_3D
Susa_Sheikh Lotf Allah Mosque_3D
Susa_Sheikh Lotf Allah Mosque_3D
Susa_Shush Castle 3_3D
Susa_Shush Castle 3_3D
Susa_Shush Castle 3_3D
Susa_Shush Castle_3D
Susa_Shush Castle_3D
Susa_Shush Castle_3D
Susa_Shush Catle 2_3D
Susa_Shush Catle 2_3D
Susa_Shush Catle 2_3D
Susa_Shush Catle 4_3D
Susa_Shush Catle 4_3D
Susa_Shush Catle 4_3D
Susa_Shush Catle 5_3D
Susa_Shush Catle 5_3D
Susa_Shush Catle 5_3D
Susa_Shush Catle_2D
Susa_Shush Catle_2D
Susa_Shush Catle_2D
Susa_Shush Palace 1_3D
Susa_Shush Palace 1_3D
Susa_Shush Palace 1_3D
Susa_Shush Waterway_3D
Susa_Shush Waterway_3D
Susa_Shush Waterway_3D
Susa_Statue Ruins_3D
Susa_Statue Ruins_3D
Susa_Statue Ruins_3D
Susa_Tile Decoration_3D
Susa_Tile Decoration_3D
Susa_Tile Decoration_3D
Susa_Waterways panorama_3D
Susa_Waterways panorama_3D
Susa_Waterways panorama_3D
Susa_Western Gate_3D
Susa_Western Gate_3D
Susa_Western Gate_3D

 

One of the oldest cities in the world with inhabitation dating back to at least 4200 BC, Susa was located in the lower Zagros Mountains, between the rivers Karkhh and Dez. From the 5th millennium BC the site was an important religious centre that soon acquired a commercial, administrative and political pre-eminence, partly thanks to its strategic position. Susa stands, therefore, as one of the ancient sites where early states were developed and urbanization undertaken. The city maintained its prominent role in the region (either as capital or as a sought-after strategic centre) before, during, and after, the rise and fall of the Elamite, Achaemenid, Assyrian, Macedonian, Parthian, and Sassanid empires. The archaeological remains of Susa bear testimony to the coming and passing of all these civilizations; the city has 27 consecutive layers of urban settlement, from its foundation until the 13th century AD.

After being under the control of the dynasty of Sargon of Akkad and/or the Awan dynasty, king Šulgi of Ur and other Mesopotamian rulers during the in the late 3rd and early 2nd centuries BC, king Hammurabi of Babylon annexed Susa and the surrounding territory of Elam to his domain. When the Babylonian Empire disintegrated, Elam regained its independence and there was likely a local dynasty ruling the region. During the subsequent dynasties of the Kindinuids, the Igehalkids and the Šutrukids, Susa flourished. At this time, impressive buildings were erected such as the Dynastic Temple of the Šutrukids.

When threatened by Assyrian forces, the Elamites allied themselves to the Babylonians but eventually both Babylonia and Elam were defeated. Susa was destroyed between 645 and 640 BC by king Aššurbanipal. Eventually, Elam was integrated into the Achaemenid Empire. During this time, Darius the Great decided to construct one of his residences in Susa, which may have been his favourite palace.

When the Achaemenid Empire was defeated by the Macedonians, Alexander the Great celebrated his marriage in Susa, and it later became part of the Seleucid Empire. The city also had a Parthian age and a Sasanian period, when it housed a large Christian community. Susa retained its importance until the 13th century AD.

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