Persepolis_immortals Heads_3D
Persepolis_immortals Heads_3D
Persepolis_immortals Heads_3D
Persepolis_ Xerxes Relief_3D
Persepolis_ Xerxes Relief_3D
Persepolis_ Xerxes Relief_3D
Persepolis_100 Columns Hall_3D
Persepolis_100 Columns Hall_3D
Persepolis_100 Columns Hall_3D
Persepolis, Iran
Persepolis, Iran
Persepolis, Iran
Persepolis_Apadana Hall_3D
Persepolis_Apadana Hall_3D
Persepolis_Apadana Hall_3D
Persepolis_Columns moonlight_3D
Persepolis_Columns moonlight_3D
Persepolis_Columns moonlight_3D
Persepolis_Columns Starlight_3D
Persepolis_Columns Starlight_3D
Persepolis_Columns Starlight_3D
Persepolis_columns_3D
Persepolis_columns_3D
Persepolis_columns_3D
Persepolis_Columns_3D
Persepolis_Columns_3D
Persepolis_Columns_3D
Persepolis_Columns2_3D
Persepolis_Columns2_3D
Persepolis_Columns2_3D
Persepolis_Darius Relief_3D
Persepolis_Darius Relief_3D
Persepolis_Darius Relief_3D
Persepolis_100 Columns_3D
Persepolis_100 Columns_3D
Persepolis_100 Columns_3D
Persepolis_Gate of all nations 2_3D
Persepolis_Gate of all nations 2_3D
Persepolis_Gate of all nations 2_3D
Persepolis_Gate of all nations 3_3D
Persepolis_Gate of all nations 3_3D
Persepolis_Gate of all nations 3_3D
Persepolis_Gate of all nations 4_3D
Persepolis_Gate of all nations 4_3D
Persepolis_Gate of all nations 4_3D
Persepolis_Gate of all nations 4_3D
Persepolis_Gate of all nations 4_3D
Persepolis_Gate of all nations 4_3D
Persepolis_Gate of all nations_3D
Persepolis_Gate of all nations_3D
Persepolis_Gate of all nations_3D
Persepolis_Gate OF All Nations_3D.jpg
Persepolis_Gate OF All Nations_3D.jpg
Persepolis_Gate OF All Nations_3D.jpg
Persepolis_Gate Silouette_3D
Persepolis_Gate Silouette_3D
Persepolis_Gate Silouette_3D
Persepolis, Iran
Persepolis, Iran
Persepolis, Iran
Persepolis_Griffin and Palace_3D
Persepolis_Griffin and Palace_3D
Persepolis_Griffin and Palace_3D
Persepolis, Iran
Persepolis, Iran
Persepolis, Iran
Persepolis_Griffin Night_3D
Persepolis_Griffin Night_3D
Persepolis_Griffin Night_3D
Persepolis_Hillside_3D
Persepolis_Hillside_3D
Persepolis_Hillside_3D
Persepolis_Horse_3D
Persepolis_Horse_3D
Persepolis_Horse_3D
Persepolis_immortal_3D
Persepolis_immortal_3D
Persepolis_immortal_3D
KONICA MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERA
KONICA MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERA
KONICA MINOLTA DIGITAL CAMERA
Persepolis_Lamassu 4_3D
Persepolis_Lamassu 4_3D
Persepolis_Lamassu 4_3D
Persepolis_Lamassu and Columns_3D
Persepolis_Lamassu and Columns_3D
Persepolis_Lamassu and Columns_3D
Persepolis_Lamassu_3D
Persepolis_Lamassu_3D
Persepolis_Lamassu_3D
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
Iran
Iran
Iran
Persepolis_Median Relief_3D
Persepolis_Median Relief_3D
Persepolis_Median Relief_3D
Persepolis_Overview_3D
Persepolis_Overview_3D
Persepolis_Overview_3D
Persepolis_Palace Tachara 2_3D
Persepolis_Palace Tachara 2_3D
Persepolis_Palace Tachara 2_3D
Persepolis_Palace Tachara 3_3D
Persepolis_Palace Tachara 3_3D
Persepolis_Palace Tachara 3_3D
Persepolis_Palace Tachara 4_3D
Persepolis_Palace Tachara 4_3D
Persepolis_Palace Tachara 4_3D
Persepolis_Palace Tachara 5_3D
Persepolis_Palace Tachara 5_3D
Persepolis_Palace Tachara 5_3D
Persepolis_Palace Tachara 6_3D
Persepolis_Palace Tachara 6_3D
Persepolis_Palace Tachara 6_3D
Persepolis_Palace Tachara 7_3D
Persepolis_Palace Tachara 7_3D
Persepolis_Palace Tachara 7_3D
Persepolis_Palace Tachara Overview_3D
Persepolis_Palace Tachara Overview_3D
Persepolis_Palace Tachara Overview_3D
Persepolis_Palace Tachara Sunset_3D
Persepolis_Palace Tachara Sunset_3D
Persepolis_Palace Tachara Sunset_3D
Persepolis_Palace Tachara_3D
Persepolis_Palace Tachara_3D
Persepolis_Palace Tachara_3D
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
Persepolis_Panorama 2_3D.jpg
Persepolis_Panorama 2_3D.jpg
Persepolis_Panorama 2_3D.jpg
Persepolis_panorama_3D
Persepolis_panorama_3D
Persepolis_panorama_3D
Persepolis_Ram Relief_3D
Persepolis_Ram Relief_3D
Persepolis_Ram Relief_3D
Persepolis_Relief 2_3D.jpg
Persepolis_Relief 2_3D.jpg
Persepolis_Relief 2_3D.jpg
Persepolis_Relief 2_3D
Persepolis_Relief 2_3D
Persepolis_Relief 2_3D
Persepolis_Relief_3D
Persepolis_Relief_3D
Persepolis_Relief_3D
Persepolis_Relief_3D
Persepolis_Relief_3D
Persepolis_Relief_3D
Persepolis_Relief_4D
Persepolis_Relief_4D
Persepolis_Relief_4D
Persepolis_Ruins 2_3D
Persepolis_Ruins 2_3D
Persepolis_Ruins 2_3D
Persepolis_Ruins_3D
Persepolis_Ruins_3D
Persepolis_Ruins_3D
Persepolis_Silouette 2_3D
Persepolis_Silouette 2_3D
Persepolis_Silouette 2_3D
Persepolis_Stairs_3D
Persepolis_Stairs_3D
Persepolis_Stairs_3D
Persepolis_Statue_3D
Persepolis_Statue_3D
Persepolis_Statue_3D

 

The construction of Persepolis, the capital of the Persian Empire, began under the reign of King Darius the Great in 518 BC and the city was envisaged as the new capital of the Achaemenid Empire in place of Pasergadae. Persepolis, which was actually the name Greeks gave to the city Parsas (‘perses’ meant ‘Persian City’), was located in a remote area in the mountains, which made travel to it almost impossible during the rainy season. Although it was Darius who started the building works, it was under the reigns of Xerxes I and Artaxerxes III that the city reached its highest glory and beauty.

Persepolis was built according to an artificial terraced plan that provided excellent defensibility. In addition, three walls of increasing height with ramparts and fortified towers contributed to the defensive system. Inside, a broad stairway — a masterpiece of symmetry — led visitors to the entrance of the palace. The stairway was composed of several wide steps set apart enough from each other so as to enable horses to climb them so that Persian royalty could ascend the tower without having to dismount. At the end of the stairway, the palace of Xerxes I rose. It had several halls, yards and streets, amongst which the grand hall stood out at a length 82ft. In this palace, the king accepted the tributes and received dignitaries and guests.

The remote location of Persepolis meant it was an inconvenient royal capital, and so it was visited mainly during the Spring months. The administration of the Achaemenian Empire was not centralized in Persepolis, most likely because of the difficulties of getting there. Instead, other major cities such as Susa, Babylon or Ecbatana held most of the important administrative functions of the empire. As a result, Persepolis was not well known among the Greeks, who were probably not conscious of its importance until the city was sacked and the palace burnt by Alexander the Great in 330 BC. Alexander’s booty was so immense that, according to Plutarch, it had to be carried by 20,000 mules and 5,000 camels. The fire completely destroyed the palace and only the columns, stairways, and doorways remained. The great Persian religious documents (written in gold ink) were consumed by the fire, as well as the works of art held in the palace and its surroundings. This was a deliberate and planned destruction. However, despite the damage, Persepolis remained the capital of the region when it became a province of the Macedonian Empire. When Macedoniana fragmented, Persepolis came under the control of the Seleucid Empire and the city started to decline gradually.

When the glory of Persepolis was forgotten, the site was known as ‘the palace of the forty columns’ as these were one of the few things that remained. The ruins were identified as Persepolis in 1618 and in 1931 the palace was excavated, so bringing its past glories back to light once again.

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