Cairo is the capital city of Egypt and home to innumerable archaeological treasures. Most notably, the pyramids of Giza and the ancient city of Memphis are in its immediate area. Originally founded in 969 CE during the Fatimid dynasty, Cairo itself is considered ‘New Cairo’ while the remnants of previous ancient capitals are visible as ‘Old Cairo’.
Though the city is associated with ancient Egypt, New Cairo is full of excellent Islamic architecture, and the city is often called ‘the city of a thousand minarets’.
The city’s strategic position upstream from the Nile Delta have made it a focal point for settlement for thousands of years.